The Dirty Secret Behind China's Rising Emission Levels: Pollution from State-Run Companies

"The world's top five polluters were responsible for 60% of global emissions in 2019," reports Bloomberg — but China alone "generated about the same amount of CO2 as the next four countries combined." That's despite having a smaller population than those four countries combined — and even then, China's carbon output "is still rising every year." But then Bloomberg notes that a big part of that problem may be dozens of state-owned companies. (Just one subsidiary of China's oil company Sinopec contributed more to global warming last year than Canada, while China Baowu, the world's top steelmaker, "put more CO2 into the atmosphere last year than Pakistan," and more than Austria and Belgium combined.) The article concludes that any attempt to affect climate change will have to include China's state-run companies. There are several factors in China's favor as it works to decarbonize. Solar and wind power are now often cheaper than fossil fuels. Electric vehicle and battery technology has matured, and China is a leader in both. Investment in green technologies such as hydrogen and carbon capture is at an all-time high, increasing the likelihood of deployment on a large scale.... China's biggest task is to green its electricity sector. That means shutting down thousands of coal-fired power plants and dramatically increasing clean energy. The nation already leads the world in renewables and just kicked off a massive 100 gigawatt project in the desert that will be bigger than all the wind and solar installed in India today. Known as the Big Five, China's top utilities — Huaneng Group Co., Huadian Corp., China Energy Investment Corp., State Power Investment Corp, and Datang Co. — are some of the world's largest polluters... In 2020, emissions from those operations alone added up to 960 million tons of COâ, more than double that of Russia's entire coal fleet. The Big Five have pledged to reach peak emissions by 2025, but power demand is still increasing and coal has been promoted by government officials as a way to maintain energy security — especially as the world grapples with a shortage heading into winter. In the first half of this year, state-owned firms proposed 43 new coal-fired generators and construction began on 15GW of new coal-power capacity... More than half of China's oil is used for transportation. So far the government has focused on shrinking those emissions by boosting a nationwide electric vehicle fleet that's already by far the biggest in the world. Planners want one in every five new cars sold to be a new EV by 2025, up from 5% now. Combined with ever-greener power generation, that's the best bet to reduce carbon while still moving people and goods around. Read more of this story at Slashdot.
2021-10-25 03:45:01 preview's
Age of Empires IV Wants to Teach You a Lesson

Can a video game be historically accurate? The team behind the iconic series wanted to give it a try.
2021-10-25 03:15:03 preview's
[webapps] Hikvision Web Server Build 210702 - Command Injection

Hikvision Web Server Build 210702 - Command Injection
2021-10-25 00:00:00 preview's
[webapps] WordPress Plugin TaxoPress - Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) (Authenticated)

WordPress Plugin TaxoPress - Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) (Authenticated)
2021-10-25 00:00:00 preview's
[webapps] Engineers Online Portal 1.0 - File Upload Remote Code Execution (RCE)

Engineers Online Portal 1.0 - File Upload Remote Code Execution (RCE)
2021-10-25 00:00:00 preview's
[local] Netgear Genie 2.4.64 - Unquoted Service Path

Netgear Genie 2.4.64 - Unquoted Service Path
2021-10-25 00:00:00 preview's
[local] OpenClinic GA 5.194.18 - Local Privilege Escalation

OpenClinic GA 5.194.18 - Local Privilege Escalation
2021-10-25 00:00:00 preview's
How Misinformation - and one Facebook Group - Threatened a Federal Investment in Montana

The New York Times describes a six-year grass roots effort to fund historic preservation and natural resource conservation in Montana — and how it collided with Rae Grulkowski, a 56-year-old businesswoman who had never before been involved in politics, and her very influential Facebook group: Ms. Grulkowski had just heard about a years-in-the-making effort to designate her corner of central Montana a national heritage area, celebrating its role in the story of the American West. A small pot of federal matching money was there for the taking, to help draw more visitors and preserve underfunded local tourist attractions. Ms. Grulkowski set about blowing up that effort with everything she had. She collected addresses from a list of voters and spent $1,300 sending a packet denouncing the proposed heritage area to 1,498 farmers and ranchers. She told them the designation would forbid landowners to build sheds, drill wells or use fertilizers and pesticides. It would alter water rights, give tourists access to private property, create a new taxation district and prohibit new septic systems and burials on private land, she said. None of this was true. Yet it soon became accepted as truth by enough people to persuade Montana's leading Republican figures and conservative organizations, including the farm bureau, Gov. Greg Gianforte and Senator Steve Daines, to oppose the proposal and enact a state law forbidding the federal government to create any heritage area in Montana. It is a ban that the state has no authority to enforce. Some comments on the episode (via the New York Times): Ellen Sievert, retired historic preservation officer for Cascade County: "We've run into the uneducable. I don't know how we get through that." Bob Kelly, the mayor of Great Falls: "Misinformation is the new playbook. You don't like something? Create alternative facts and figures as a way to undermine reality." (In fact, it's now become an issue in the mayor's race.) The episode was especially distressing for Richard Ecke, who spent 38 years at the town's local newspaper until being laid off in 2016 — and is also vice chairman of the proposed heritage area's board. The Times reports that "In the paper's place, information and misinformation about the heritage area spread on Facebook and in local outlets that parroted Ms. Grulkowski." And meanwhile, "Ms. Grulkowski now has ambitions beyond Montana. She wants to push Congress not to renew heritage areas that already exist." [There are 55 of them, in 34 different states.] Finally the Times interviewed Ed Bandel, who'd led the Montana Farm Bureau's opposition to the Montana heritage area. When asked for his supporting evidence, "Mr. Bandel said he trusted Ms. Grulkowski." And when asked about the argument that it in fact posed no threat to property rights, Bandel remained unconvinced. "They say, 'Don't worry, we're going to do it right. Don't worry, we'll take care of you. I think Adolf Hitler said that, too, didn't he...?" Read more of this story at Slashdot.
2021-10-24 23:45:02 preview's
Mixed AR Headset Lynx R1 Gets Its First Third-Party Review

Long-time Slashdot reader TuringTest writes: The mixed AR/VR standalone headset Lynx R1, which is undergoing an already-funded Kickstarter campaign, got this week its first third-party hands-on review by independent reviewers Cas and Chary VR. Check also the video that the company released yesterday demonstrating for the first time the combined color pass-through AR, VR and its incorporated Ultraleap hand-tracking capabilities of the device. Read more of this story at Slashdot.
2021-10-24 22:00:02 preview's
Xpeng Unveils a Flying Car That Also Drives on Roads - Plus a Bionic Horse

"HT Aero, an affiliate of Chinese electric vehicle maker Xpeng Inc., launched a new flying car on Sunday that it says can also drive on roads," reports CNBC (in a story shared by Slashdot reader PolygamousRanchKid ): The company says it plans for a rollout in 2024. The car is not commercially available right now. And HT Aero said the final design might change. HT Aero's vehicle will have a lightweight design and a rotor that folds away, the company said. That will allow the car to drive on roads and then fly once the rotors are expanded. The vehicle will have a number of safety features including parachutes, the company said. Elsewhere CNBC reports that Xpeng also launched a new charger for its electric cars. "The company says that with just five minutes of charging with the new charger, the car's battery will have a range of 200 kilometers [123 miles]." And Xpeng also makes an assisted-driving system, Bloomberg notes, and "will also partner with others to explore robo-taxi operations starting from the second half of next year." And in addition, Bloomberg adds, the company also unveiled its prototype for a ridable robot horse, "equipped with bionic senses and multi-mode recognition technologies." Read more of this story at Slashdot.
2021-10-24 20:00:02